Shooting Incidents, Police Shootings, Firearms, Ballistics.


Police Shootings
Crime Scenes
Case Review
Gunshot Wounds
Impact/Entry Angle
Gunshot Distance Analysis
Shooting Reconstruction
Toolmark Identification
Firearms Testing
Ballistics calculations
Trajectory & Drag Models
Velocity, Drop, Kinetic Energy
Hunting & Firearms Safety


Commander - State Police Ballistics.
Member - Firearms Review Board.
47+ years firearms.
32+ years forensic ballistics.
US Army Ordnance & Small Arms
Daubert/Frye Consultation.
Criminal, Civil, Appellate.
Capital Murder Consultation
Accidental/Involuntary Discharges.
Microscopic Toolmarks Comparison.
Testified 265+ times.
Cases in over 30 U.S.states, Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Canada, Virgin Islands, Israel, Phillipines, UK.


Criminal & Civil Cases
U.S. Attorney's Office
U.S. Military
Private Individuals
Insurance Companies
Innocence Projects
Citizen Groups
Elected Officials
Forensic Students


Shooting reconstruction, police shootings, firearms, ballistics, and toolmarks, and are my primary fields of expertise.

As the advocate for the evidence, I will inform you of the strengths and weaknesses of the case in order for you to make educated decisions based on the facts.

Conclusions will be based on the generally accepted protocols and methodologies in the scientific community and to the standards for all prongs of Daubert/Frye Challenges.


I have worked literally thousands of cases from top to bottom and bring with me the experience of 25+ years as member of the Massachusetts State Police followed by my current work as an independent consultant.

The correct approach to shootings is to have specialists ply their skills from beginning to end. I have conducted criminal investigations, and as a forensic ballistician went to the shooting scene, processed it, collected the evidence, attended autopsies, and conducted all the tests in the lab based on my own knowledge of the incident, and testified in the cases.

It is illogical to believe that criminalists can master ballistics work while spending time working in other areas of forensics. You simply cannot be a general contractor and master a single trade.

My forensic career is dedicated to forensic ballistics; not paint, hairs, fibers, or other areas. I do not work as a jack of all trades.


The majority of shooting scenes are inadequately processed because general criminalists, technicians, or detectives simply do not possess the years of experience to interpret the complexities involved in gunshots. Their role is relegated to mapping and measuring, then collecting evidence that is submitted to overburdened examiners in the crime lab.

The interpretation of evidence at the scene is overlooked, evidence which should be present is not considered, intangible evidence and circumstances go unrecorded.

Later, lab examiners conduct tests having never been at the shooting scene and rely on what the investigator thinks should be analyzed. Even then, requested tests may be ignored or not conducted at all.

THE RESULT: Mistakes, wrong conclusions, failure to find the truth, inaccurate testimony.

Ballistics Evidence

The lack of evidence can be as important as the abundance of evidence in proving or disproving a set of facts or version of events.

Scientific Method

Use of generally accepted protocols and standards able to withstand a Daubert Challenge.

Quality Results

Nothing will be overlooked, no stone will be left unturned.